The tab PROJECTS is structured around three pillars that comprise the three material perspectives represented by the three cases (1) Timber Track, (2) Biopolymer Track and (3) Bioluminescence Track.
The main objective for the PROJECTS is to develop novel temporalized representations for bio-based materials and interface these with methods of adaptive fabrication. It does so by developing the key concepts of (1) heterogeneity, (2) temporal plasticity and (3) living performances. Transferring the concepts across the pillars draws out new synergy and builds up the framework's complexity.
It develops the instrumentation of the Eco-Metabolistic framework through three shared modelling networks: environmental sensing by which data from context-led and fabrication-led environments is used to inform the model of inherent properties of biobased materials and their response to environmental impact, predictive modelling that interfaces environmental data to train models to predict material performances resultant from design changes and adaptive fabrication that enable a detailed material address in order to respond to or design for material heterogeneity, to engage temporal plasticity and to steer living performance. The modelling networks are developed across the three pillars. They are orchestrated and implemented differently along the emerging design chain enabling the address of different methodological concerns.
Timber track develops the first level of the Eco-Metabolistic framework that captures and instrumentalises the material heterogeneity of harvested materials.
It engages the scale of the architectural structure and uses locally-graded stiffness-variable glulam elements as case to develop integrative models for interfacing high-resolution material sensing with design-led optimisation.
It addresses the current knowledge gap by interfacing the registration of specific material properties within an individual resource, with the design-led optimisation of architectural elements. Bridging this gap enables the rethinking of the design and fabrication of glulam elements to radically minimise their material intensity by strategizing material grading and bending.
Biopolymer track develops the second level of the Eco-Metabolistic framework that captures and instrumentalises the temporal plasticity of designed bio-based materials while expanding the concept of designed heterogeneous material systems.
It engages the scale of the architectural enclosure and uses functionally graded chitin-based cellulose-reinforced bio-polymer as case to develop methods for predicting, designing and grading the lifespans of bio-based materials.
It addresses the current knowledge gap by characterising their temporal behaviours and interface these with a design-led functional grading of element geometry and composition to produce design models for steering material lifespan.
The Bioluminescence Track develops the third level of the Eco-Metabolistic framework that captures and operationalises the living performances of bio-based materials while expanding the concept of temporal plasticity and emergent material heterogeneity of living systems.
It engages the scale of architectural performance and uses bioluminescent bacteria as case to functionalise living organism as an architectural light source.
It addresses the current knowledge gap by modelling the performance of bioluminescent bacteria; capturing, charactering and predicting how their life states, performance and propagation respond to design-led tuning of their host-media, its form, and its nutrition.
Continual construction track sees the creation of the shared demonstrator-testbed associated to the investigations in the three first tracks. It monitors performance and evaluates design criteria of the three material cases through sited environmental change and creates new models of maintenance and intervention by proposing novel practices of participatory continual construction.
The central concern of the project is to build and evaluate the Eco-Metabolistic framework; to propose a holistic architectural representation enabling new modes of design thinking in a bio-based design paradigm. This core task, aims to identify novel representations for heterogeneity, behaving and living architecture.
The Eco-Metabolistic Architecture project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 101019693).